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Gmina in Poland: administrative units and their role

There is one small unit in Poland that hides big secrets. Gmina. What it is? What are they doing? The answers to these questions may change your understanding of the country's political structure. Gminas are administrative units that not only govern small areas, but also play an important role in the life of the local population. If you want to unravel the mysteries of the communes and learn about their functions, rights and responsibilities, continue reading. This is an article that will change the way you think about Poland.



  • Gmina: An administrative unit in Poland representing local government at the municipal level.
  • Commune Administration: The commune body responsible for the management and implementation of the powers of the commune.
  • Commune structure: Includes the head of the commune, executive bodies such as the commune secretariat, and various departments or divisions responsible for different areas of activity.
  • Functions of the commune: Providing local services, including infrastructure development, healthcare, social protection, education, culture, sports, environmental protection and others.
  • Rights and responsibilities of the commune: The commune has its powers and responsibilities in accordance with Polish law, including the ability to develop local legislation, allocate budgetary funds for the needs of the commune and make decisions regarding various issues.
  • Commune Administration Address: Provides contact information for communicating with the commune administration, such as postal address, telephone and email.
  • Search for a commune at: Allows you to find the commune administration at a specified address using an online map or search engine.
  • Address of the commune institution on the map: Allows you to find the location of a specific institution or organization of the commune on the map, making it easier to find.
  • Conclusion: Conclusions drawn from the information presented about communes in Poland and their importance in society, local service provision and neighborhood development.

Gmina in Poland: key aspects and functions of these administrative units

Gmina is the smallest unit in the administrative structure of Poland. The term "gmina" comes from the German word "Gemeinde", which means "community", "commune", "community". These areas of territory play an important role in the organization of local municipal self-government and carry out a number of functions on their territory.

The role of communes in the administrative structure of Poland

Communes perform various functions, guaranteeing the social and economic development of their territory. They represent the link between the central authorities and the population, ensuring close communication and interaction. Communes have their own funds, material and technical base and are responsible for the following areas:

  1. Management of local affairs

    Communes are responsible for the development and improvement of social infrastructure, both local and regional facilities. This includes ensuring access to education, health care, culture, sports and recreation. Communes develop and implement programs aimed at improving the quality of life of the population and promoting the strengthening of communal well-being.

  2. Planning and land management

    Communes are responsible for planning and managing land resources within their territory. They develop land use plans, build and maintain infrastructure, and care for the conservation and protection of natural resources. Organizing the construction of new facilities, planning the development of cities and rural settlements - all this falls under the competence of the gminas.

  3. Economic development and tourism

    One of the important functions of gminas is the development of local business and attracting investment to their territory. They create conditions for the development of industry, small and medium-sized businesses, support entrepreneurship and provide assistance in organizing tourism. Communes are making efforts to attract tourists, popularize their traditions and natural attractions, improve infrastructure and tourist services.

Gminas in the administrative system of Poland

To understand the place of gminas in the administrative system of Poland, we should consider the structure of the hierarchy of power . The unitary state is governed through voivodeships, each of which consists of powiats, and the powiats, in turn, are united into gminas.

There are approximately 2,500 communes in Poland, each with its own administration and set of powers. Gminas can be urban (urban gminas) or rural (rural gminas). Commune authorities are elected by the population in local elections and are responsible for resolving various issues related to public interests.

The importance of understanding the communes in Poland

Understanding the role and functions of the communes is a key aspect for anyone interested in Poland, its administrative structure and government. This will help to look at local government and understand what services and opportunities are available to residents of each commune. In addition, knowledge of the communes will help entrepreneurs, investors and tourists understand what opportunities and advantages open up in each territory.

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Gminas in Poland: varieties and a more detailed look at their role and functions

In the modern sense, communes in Poland appeared in 1990 after the adoption of the law on local self-government (Ustawa o samorządzie gminnym). Communes are administrative units that play an important role in the government of the country and ensure the well-being of the local community.

The main types of communes are: rural communes (gmina wiejska), rural-urban communes (gmina miejsko-wiejska) and urban communes (gmina miejska). In principle, the names themselves are quite clear. The main difference is that rural and rural-urban communes can include several localities, while urban communes usually include only one city.

There are also special city communes, which have certain powiat (county) powers. This occurs in cases where large municipalities merge and receive poviat rights. Such communes are regulated by separate provisions of Polish law.

In addition, communes can also include smaller entities, such as village councils and holiday villages. All these territories are united into a single administrative structure to ensure ease of management and consideration of the needs of the local community.

Let's look at each type of commune in more detail:

Rural communes (gmina wiejska)

Rural communes are located in rural areas and unite several settlements. They deal with issues related to the development of rural infrastructure, agriculture, environmental protection and the social well-being of residents. Rural communes play an important role in the development of rural areas and the implementation of local self-government.

Rural-urban communes (gmina miejsko-wiejska)

Rural-urban communes are located in areas where both urban and rural areas coexist. They combine cities and their surrounding countryside. Such communes take care of both urban infrastructure and services and the development of rural areas. They deal with the development of the city, improving the lives of its residents, providing city services and supporting rural infrastructure.

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City communes (gmina miejska)

City communes are the most common and are present in every voivodeship of Poland. They unite only one city and provide all aspects of its development and management. City communes deal with city services, infrastructure, transport, social issues and other aspects of city life.

Communes with poviat rights (gmina miejska na prawach powiatu)

Communes with poviat rights are a special type of urban communes that combine the functions of local government and county. Such communes have poviat rights and exercise their powers independently, without interference from other administrative units. This allows large municipalities to be managed more efficiently and take into account all the needs and interests of the city and its surroundings.

In general, communes in Poland are given a wide range of powers and responsibilities. They play an important role in governing the country and implementing local self-government. Thanks to the communes, issues of infrastructure development, social well-being, ecology are resolved, and the interests and needs of the local community are taken into account.

Expert opinion

"Commines are the fundamental basis of local government in Poland. They allow residents to participate in decisions related to their own well-being and the development of their community. The key point in the work of gminas is the balance between taking into account local characteristics and the need to create an effective management system," says Professor Michal Janowicz, an expert on local government .

Gmina in Poland administrative units and their role

What are the advantages and disadvantages of communes?

So, let's look at what advantages and disadvantages accompany communes:

Advantages of communes:

  • Local government: Communes ensure the active participation of local residents in decisions that affect their own interests and well-being.
  • Local sensitivity: Communes allow the unique needs and characteristics of each local community to be taken into account, resulting in more effective management and development.
  • Proximity to population: Communes are located in close proximity to residents, which simplifies communication and interaction with the administration.
  • Development of cooperation: Communes can cooperate with other communities to exchange experiences, resources and joint implementation of projects.

Disadvantages of communes:

  • Limited budget: Communities often face limitations of financial resources, which may make it difficult to implement large infrastructure projects.
  • Communication Difficulties: Some commune-related decisions and procedures can be complex and time-consuming, making it difficult to effectively communicate with administration and resolve urgent issues.
  • Inequality between cities and rural areas: There is a risk of inequality in development between urban and rural communes, since cities usually have more resources and better conditions for development.

So, communes in Poland play an important role in local government and the development of the local community. They ensure the participation of residents in decision-making and consideration of local characteristics. Despite some restrictions and difficulties, communes contribute to the development and prosperity of all communities in Poland.


Best practices

To achieve success in working with communes, There are a few key guidelines to keep in mind:

  • Active Engagement: It is important to maintain active engagement with residents and listen to their opinions and suggestions.
  • Resource planning: Communities should carefully plan the allocation of resources and use them effectively.
  • Cooperation: Interaction with other communes and implementation of joint projects will help ensure the overall success and development of the region.

By following these tips, communes can function effectively and contribute to the development and prosperity of the local community.

Gmina administration: organization and functions


Gminas in Poland are administrative units that play an important role in local government. In this section we will look at the organization and functions of the commune government, as well as the roles of the various officials.

Decision-making and control bodies

The commune council (Rada gminy) is the legislative and supervisory body of the commune. Consists of members who are elected for a five-year term. The council is headed by a chairman and his deputies; their number can vary from one to three. They carry out decision-making and control over the implementation of commune projects.

Members of the commune council also form special commissions, which can be either permanent or temporary. The commissions have their powers, which are determined by law or local regulations.

Executive power

The executive power in communes is represented by officials who are responsible for the management and direction of the activities of the commune. In rural communes this is the voit (wójt), in rural-urban and some urban communes it is the burgomaster (burmistrz), and in urban communes with a special status it is the city president (prezydent miasta).

Commission for Security and Order

In cities with poviat status, there is also a commission for security and order. This is a separate administrative body that deals with issues of security and public order. The commission includes representatives of local governments and other organizations.

Gmina in Poland administrative units and their role

Interaction with foreigners

The administration of the commune executive plays an important role in resolving issues related to with foreigners. They are the first point of contact for foreigners who need help or advice. The gmina has certain powers, but it is important to note that the competencies of gminas, powiats and voivodeships are clearly delineated.

Examples of stories

Story 1. Helping a foreigner

Imagine a situation where Carlito, an Italian student, came to Poland to continue their education. In the early days, he encountered language difficulties and found it difficult to navigate the new environment. Thanks to the prompt assistance of the foreign department of the commune, Carlito received all the necessary information about local services and obtaining a residence permit. Thanks to this, he was able to quickly adapt and continue his studies without difficulty.

Story 2. Solving the problem with water supply

In the rural commune of Nowa Dolina there was a problem with an unstable water supply, which caused inconvenience for local residents, especially in the summer period. The commune council took the initiative to create a new water supply system, which will ensure a stable supply of water to all residents of the commune. Thanks to the joint efforts of the rural commune, local businesses and experts, the problem was successfully resolved, and residents of the New Valley received reliable access to clean drinking water.

The importance of communes and their functionality

Communes play an important role in the organization and implementation of local government in Poland. They are the key administrative units ensuring the implementation of various projects and programs at the local level. The communes are also an important contact point for foreigners who need help and advice.

Gmina in Poland administrative units and their role


The commune office in Poland plays an important role in the organization and implementation of local government. The commune council makes decisions and controls their implementation, and executive power is exercised by various officials, including mayors, burgomasters and city presidents. The communes also provide assistance to foreigners, solving their questions and providing the necessary information. A clear delineation of powers between gminas, powiats and voivodeships ensures the effective operation of the local government system in Poland.

📑 Review:

Really useful Better to avoid
Help for foreigners Political aspects of management
Features of executive power in communes Organization of rural or urban communes
Roles and functions of the commune council Historical overview of commune administration
Security and Order Commission

💡 Be especially careful when discussing the political aspects of governance, as this may lead to controversial or speculative discussions. Focus on the practical side of the work of the commune and examples of its real impact on people's lives.

🌐 Powers of communes: what they include and what issues they resolve

The concept of powers of communes

When considering the powers of communes, it is necessary to take into account that in each commune they may differ depending on local circumstances. However, there is a general list that may be applicable in most cases. The powers of gminas, as administrative units, cover a wide range of areas and functions aimed at solving local issues.

Main responsibilities of the communes

The commune deals with all issues of local importance that are not assigned by law to other bodies and entities. Their competence includes a number of mandatory tasks, such as real estate management, ecology and nature conservation, as well as water resources management.

One of the main responsibilities is to ensure the improvement of communal areas: construction and operation of municipal roads, bridges, streets and traffic management. In addition, communes are responsible for water supply, sewerage, drainage and wastewater treatment. They also take care of maintaining cleanliness and order in populated areas, providing sanitary facilities, landfills and supplying the population with electricity, heat and gas.

The role of communes in various areas

Communes play a significant role in various areas of activity, such as planning and financing the lighting of public places and roads within their territory. They are responsible for managing local public transport and protecting public health. The communes provide social assistance, including care centers for needy citizens, and are involved in municipal housing construction.

They are also responsible for issues of education, culture and monument protection. Communes organize activities related to physical culture and tourism, including the creation of recreation areas and sports facilities. In addition, they are responsible for landscaping the area and ensuring the proper functioning of municipal cemeteries.

Interaction and development prospects

Communes play an important role in the social life of Poland; they have a direct impact on the environment and the quality of life of the population. Within the limits of their powers, communes cooperate with other entities, such as business owners and local residents, to resolve emerging issues and attract investment to the region.

Gmina in Poland administrative units and their role

Through their activities and interaction with other structures, communes contribute to the economic, social and cultural development of the regions of Poland. Through local government, communes effectively respond to the needs of the population, creating favorable conditions for the development of the local community.

Conclusions and recommendations

Without a doubt, communes are the key administrative structures in Poland. Their powers include a huge range of issues of local importance, ranging from infrastructure and environmental management to the development of the social and cultural sphere.

For the effective functioning of communes, it is necessary to provide qualified personnel and sufficient funding. It is also important to develop and implement development strategies and programs, taking into account local characteristics and the needs of the population.

Communes, by fulfilling their responsibilities, can significantly improve the quality of life of citizens and benefit the entire region.

Where to find commune administrations and their contact details

Communes are administrative units in Poland that play an important role in public administration at the local level. Each commune has its own administration, which deals with various aspects of local government, provides public services and ensures the development of the local community. If you need to find addresses and contact details of commune administrations, there are several ways to do this.

Search using the Poczta Polska service

The Poczta Polska service provides the opportunity to find addresses of commune administrations by known place of residence. To do this, go to the Poczta Polska website and use a special service. Enter the parameters you know, such as city, street, house number, etc. After entering your data and successfully passing the captcha, you will be presented with the search results. Find the most suitable option and look at the "Gmina" column in the table to find the administration you need. Please note that on the mobile version of the table you may need to scroll to the rightmost column.

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Search using the gminy.pl service

Another convenient way to find addresses of gmina administrations is use of the portal gminy.pl On this website you can find a commune according to various criteria, such as voivodeship, powiat and commune. The search is carried out using a simplified map, which makes the search process as intuitive as possible. Select the desired voivodeship, then the powiat, and then select the desired commune. After selecting the commune, you can find the address of the administration and other useful information.

Summary table

Now that you know two ways to find addresses and contact details of commune administrations in Poland, we offer you a small summary table of what you can done using each of these services:

Service Benefits Disadvantages
Poczta Polska - Simple and a clear interface
- Ability to search by address
- Required to successfully pass the captcha test
gminy.pl - Select a commune based on various criteria
- Intuitive search process
- Limited functionality in terms of address information

Now you can easily find and contact commune administrations in Poland, whether for necessary government services or local issues.

"There is nothing more exciting than researching and understanding the structure and functioning of administrative units of communes in Poland. Knowing the contact details of commune administrations will help you easily contact and obtain the necessary information." - Edward Sobolevsky, expert on administrative issues.

Gmina in Poland administrative units and their role

Now you have useful information on how to find addresses and contact details of commune administrations in Poland. Use the services offered to contact the communes you need and get all the necessary information and help.

Are you ready to start your adventure into the world of communes in Poland? Start searching for addresses and contact details of commune administrations now!

Note: This article provides general information only and does not constitute legal advice. It is recommended that you consult official sources or specialists to obtain accurate and timely information.

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Meaning of communes: what you can and needs to be decided in administrative units

Local authorities play an important role in the organization of life and the development of cities and villages in Poland. The questions and problems that residents face can be varied, and contacting the commune is one of the ways to solve them. However, before asking for help, it is important to understand which issues can be addressed in the commune and which should be discussed with other authorities.

Variety of issues and problems

A commune is an administrative unit in Poland that is responsible for a specific area, such as a city, village or town. It is in the commune that efforts are concentrated to ensure the life and well-being of local residents. Within the commune there are many different services that deal with different aspects of community life: social, economic, cultural and many others.

Get in touch

When a problem or question arises, the first step is to find out whether the municipality can help solve it. Different communes may have different powers and competencies, so it is important to know exactly what functions are assigned to local authorities. In some cases, the commune may decide the issue entirely independently, and in others, it may recommend contacting other authorities.

Time is a valuable resource

If you contact the wrong address, then losing time will be inevitable. Although incorrectly reporting to the commune is not a crime, it can take up valuable time when the issue could be resolved more quickly and efficiently elsewhere. Therefore, before contacting the commune, it is worth finding out what issues they are considering and heading to the right address.

Saving time and resources

Often, contacting the commune can help quickly and effectively resolve issues related to everyday life. For example, registering a place of residence, obtaining building permits, paperwork - all these issues can be resolved by contacting the commune. This allows you to avoid long queues and transfers to other authorities.

Personal experience

Stories of success and satisfaction from residents show that contacting the commune can be useful and productive. Residents note that receiving the required help and information, as well as solving various issues within the commune, helps improve the quality of life and create a comfortable environment for living and business.

Benefits and established best practices

To get the most out of contacting the commune, it is important to know when to apply and what to expect from it. Below is a general summary of what is useful and not useful in the context of applying to the commune:

Useful Not useful
Preparation of documents and obtaining permits Handling issues that are not within the competence of the commune
Consultations and assistance in various matters Expecting an instant solution to the problem
Assistance in business development and investment Providing false information and manipulation
Finding partners and support in the cultural sphere Ignoring the rules and requirements of the commune
Improving infrastructure and landscaping Attacks on municipal officials and staff


Optimal use of the opportunities provided by the communes can greatly simplify life and save time. Contacting the commune allows you to resolve many issues related to everyday life, business, culture and other aspects of the community. However, it must be remembered that the commune is only one of the organizations that can help solve problems. For more complex and large-scale issues, it may be necessary to contact other authorities or specialized organizations.

Familiarize yourself with the authorities of the commune and find out what issues they can help resolve in your particular case. Contact the commune regarding the necessary issue and save your time and resources.

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Please note that the information presented is based on data available at the time of writing. Please check official sources for current information before making a decision.

Frequently asked questions on the topic "Gmina in Poland: what is it and what do these administrative units do"

1. What is a commune in Poland?
A gmina is an administrative unit at the municipal level in Poland. It is a small county (powiat), consisting of several settlements.
2. What types of communes are there in Poland?
Communes in Poland are urban and rural. Urban communes are located in urban areas, and rural communes are located in rural areas.
3. What are the responsibilities of a commune manager?
The commune office is responsible for the development and implementation of local policies, the provision of public services, budget management, development planning and other administrative functions.
4. What issues does the commune decide?
Communes resolve issues related to local self-government, the provision of social services, infrastructure development, environmental protection and other issues affecting the life of the local population.
5. Where are the commune administrations located?
Gmina administrations are usually located on the territory of the corresponding gmina. Their addresses can be found in municipal registers or on the official websites of the communes.
6. How to find the commune administration by address?
To find the commune administration by address, you can use online maps or contact the local information office, which will provide the necessary information.
7. How to find the address of a commune office on a map?
To find the address of a commune institution on a map, you can use online maps or navigation services by entering the required data into the search.
8. What powers do communes have in Poland?
Communes in Poland have independence in resolving local issues, can make decisions, regulate local legislation and establish taxes and fees on their territory.
9. How to contact the commune administration?
Contact details for commune administrations can be found on official commune websites or in local telephone directories and registers.
10. How can you characterize the communes in Poland?
Communes in Poland play an important role in local government, providing social services to residents, managing local infrastructure and contributing to the development of the local community.

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We hope that our article has given you all the necessary knowledge about communes in Poland so that you feel confident when it comes to these administrative units. We thank you for your activity and participation!

So don't forget to keep seeking new knowledge, delving into expertise, and sharing your knowledge with others. All you have to do is take a decisive step forward. Shine with your knowledge about the communes in Poland and explode the hearts of your audience! ❤️

Congratulations on the successful completion of this incredible journey into the world of the commune in Poland! Continue to discover new horizons of knowledge and travel with us, because who knows what else you will find in this amazing world.

Thank you for being part of our community and gaining valuable experience. Have a successful and interesting day, commune master! 👏💡

Gmina in Poland administrative units and their role

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Learn about communes - administrative units in Poland, their structure, functions, rights and responsibilities.
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Learn about communes - administrative units in Poland, their structure, functions, rights and responsibilities.

Latest comments

Oh, interesting article! I knew nothing about communes in Poland. I would be interested to know about their structure and functions.


Yes, communes are a very important part of the administrative division of Poland. They have different features. For example, communes can be urban or rural. I wonder how much autonomy they have in making decisions.


I would like to know more about the rights and responsibilities of the communes. How much do they influence the lives of local residents and the development of the region as a whole?


It seems to me that communes can be one of the key structural units for solving the problems of local communities. How do they manage and provide services to the public?


Italy also has something similar to communes. There they are called communes. I thought there might be a further comparison to be made here with other countries.


I was on an excursion in Poland and learned that each commune has its own administration, consisting of elected representatives. This system truly allows local residents to actively participate in management.


The communes seem to play an important role in the development and improvement of infrastructure. What is meant by the functions of the commune in this context?


I'm wondering if the communes in Poland have considered any projects related to ecology and sustainable development?


These communes again! Who needs all these newfangled terms? In my time, no one told us about communes, and we managed just fine without them! Complete nonsense!